Environment and Climate Protection Committee /
Comité de l’environnement et de la protection climatique
April 18, 2017 / 18 avril 2017
Submitted on April 10, 2017
Soumis le 10 avril 2017
Director / Directeur,
Infrastructure Services / Service d’infrastructure
Planning, Infrastructure and Economic Development Department / Direction générale de la planification, de l’infrastructure et du développement économique
Marco Manconi, Manager / Gestionnaire
Design and Construction, Infrastructure Services / Construction et Design, Services d’infrastructure
(613) 580-2424, 43229, Marco.Manconi@ottawa.ca
Ward: CITY WIDE / À L'ÉCHELLE DE LA VILLE
File Number: ACS2017-PIE-IS-0003
SUBJECT: Green Building Report – Status Update
OBJET: Politique sur les bâtiments écologiques – rapport de situation
That the Environment and Climate Protection Committee receive this report for information.
RECOMMANDATIONS DU RAPPORT
Que le Comité de l’environnement et de la protection climatique prenne connaissance du présent rapport.
The Green Building Policy for the Construction of Corporate Buildings, approved by Council on September 28, 2005, and amended on September 26, 2007, requires an annual status update on City of Ottawa building projects.
The Green Building Policy requires that all newly constructed municipal buildings with a footprint greater than 500 square metres (5,400 square feet) be designed, delivered and certified by the Canada Green Building Council (CaGBC) as being LEEDTM Certified at minimum. The current practice for retrofit and renovation projects is to apply sustainable design principles.
In 2015, Environment Committee supported targeting LEEDTM Gold where appropriate, given the facility size, type, and project complexity. Report ACS2015-PAI-INF-0001 dated April 21, 2015, provides further information on the LEEDTM program and targets.
Last year, on April 19, 2016, Environment Committee received the Green Building Report – Status Update
The City of Ottawa continues to demonstrate a strong commitment to green building. Green building practices show responsible management and good business sense; they reduce the impact of construction and building operation on the environment and resources, and reduce the cost of maintaining and operating a building over its life cycle.
The City uses LEEDTM to verify that municipal buildings have achieved sustainability targets. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEEDTM) is an internationallyrecognised rating system that independently certifies a building has achieved energy efficiency and reduced environmental impacts. It is administered by the Canada Green Building Council (CaGBC).
The City began participating in the LEEDTM program in 2005. It pushes the industry to maintain high standards for sustainability during design and construction. Architecture and engineering professionals, as well as the construction industry, have become more proficient with the LEEDTM process. Many of the design approaches, materials, and technologies once intended for LEEDTM now simply represent sound building design. LEEDTM continues to be an important driver in the building world which pushes consultants and contractors to continuously improve design and construction practices and holds them to account to maintain high standards for sustainability.
LEEDTM certified buildings realize many of the following benefits:
• reduced greenhouse gas emissions;
• reduced water consumption;
• reduced material consumption during manufacturing, and transportation;
• reduced waste generation during construction;
• reduced life cycle costs;
• utility cost savings; and
• improved indoor environments due to thermal controls, reduced toxins/irritants, daylighting and views to the outdoors.
The cost to pursue LEEDTM for the average City building is approximately one to two per cent of the value of the project, which is a small investment to ensure follow-through on sustainability initiatives during design and construction. The marginal upfront costs can translate to significant savings over the life of a building.
Changes to LEEDTM Certification
The Canada Green Building Council has recently made significant changes to its rating system, going from LEEDTM 2009 to LEEDTM v4. LEEDTM Certification is a pointbased system where a project can earn points for satisfying specific “green” building criteria. There are four levels of certification: Certified, Silver, Gold and Platinum. Each level requires a minimum amount of points and prerequisites.
Many of the changes in LEEDTM v4 are focused on a project’s continued performance, rather than just its initial design. After October 31, 2016, new LEEDTM registrations will only be accepted under LEEDTM v4.
Changes have been made to the following sections with LEEDTM v4 that apply to building design and construction projects:
• Location and Transportation;
• Sustainable Sites;
• Water Efficiency;
• Energy and Atmosphere;
• Materials and Resources; and
• Indoor Environment Quality.
Given the recent changes, the City is in the process of reviewing and becoming familiar with the new LEEDTM v4 requirements and implications. The City will evaluate new projects in the early stages with a LEEDTM consultant to assess feasible targets. Aiming to target Gold, there will be a balance between sustainable construction and cost effectiveness. An update on targeted levels will be included in the Green Building Status Report next year.
Update on City LEEDTM Buildings
The City has 26 LEEDTM certified buildings, of which five have achieved Gold, 11 have achieved Silver and 10 have achieved Certified ratings.
In 2016, certification was received for:
• OC Transpo Articulated Bus Garage and Dispatch Building – Rated LEEDTM Certified
• Richcraft Recreation Complex – Rated LEEDTM Gold
• Greenboro Community Centre Expansion – Rated LEEDTM Certified
Table 1 provides a list of all LEEDTM certified municipal buildings.
Beaverbrook Branch of the Ottawa Public Library
Richcraft Sensplex (Ottawa East)
Richcraft Recreation Complex – Kanata
Trail Road Waste Facility
François Dupuis Recreation Centre (East District Pool)
Conroy Public Works Yard
Goulbourn Recreation Complex Arena Expansion
Barrhaven Fire Station No. 47
Kanata Recreation Complex Expansion (LEEDTM Commercial Interiors – CI)
OC Transpo Articulated Bus Garage & Dispatch Building
Kanata West Fire Station No. 46
Greenboro Community Centre Expansion
Overbrook Community Centre Expansion
Centrepointe Theatre Expansion
James Bartleman Archives and Library Materials Centre
Carlsbad Springs Community Centre
Huron Early Learning Centre
Ottawa Central Ambulance Communications Centre
Hunt Club-Riverside Park Community Centre
OC Transpo Interior Fit-Up (LEEDTM Commercial Interiors – CI)
Shenkman Arts Centre
Albion-Heatherington Community Centre
Goulbourn Recreation Complex Expansion
Rideau Valley Conservation Authority Headquarters
Vars Fire Station No.73
Ottawa Paramedic Service Headquarters
The City has three buildings currently undergoing the LEEDTM certification process. Infrastructure Services anticipates certification for the following projects:
• Minto Recreation Complex;
• Trim Road Works Yard; and
• Bloomfield Works Yard.
The City is continuing its commitment to sustainable design and construction, and has three buildings that are under development which plan to target LEEDTM certification:
• François Dupuis Recreation Centre Expansion;
• Fire Station No. 36; and
• Fire Station No. 55.
Update on Major City Projects Pursuing LEEDTM
There are several major City projects underway that plan to pursue LEEDTM certification, which Infrastructure Services is tracking separately.
The Lansdowne Redevelopment project, completed in 2014, is Ottawa’s first green community designed to follow LEEDTM. Lansdowne has received Silver Plan PreCertification (Stage 2) under the LEEDTM for Neighbourhood Development (ND) program and joins five neighbourhoods in Ontario with another 12 across Canada that are leading the way in sustainability.
The submission to pursue the full certification for LEEDTM ND with the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) is anticipated in 2017, with certification to follow. LEEDTM ND was applied through the USGBC as this certification is not currently offered through the CaGBC. There are only a few applications within Canada per year and these two Council’s work closely together. Registering through the USGBC is accepted by the CaGBC.
Lansdowne has been transformed through smart growth and green building into a sustainable and vibrant mixed-use community that is a positive example for the rest of Ottawa. The site is open and well-connected, and encourages walking, cycling, and public transit use. The location reduces urban sprawl and automobile dependence. The 14.8 hectares of urban park, public plazas, and heritage buildings create a sense of place and animate the site through programming. All new buildings were designed to be energy efficient, and incorporate green features. Lansdowne has become a unique destination for both residents and visitors to live, work, and play.
Ottawa Art Gallery (OAG) Expansion and Arts Court Redevelopment
Construction is underway on the Ottawa Art Gallery (OAG) Expansion and Arts Court Redevelopment. The public component of the project will create a new, landmark OAG, a theatre and classrooms for the University of Ottawa, and will renovate spaces within Arts Court for artistic creation and production. The private sector component includes a boutique hotel, condominiums, and underground parking.
The public component (new building) is striving for LEEDTM Silver certification, and is targeting the following sustainability features: diversion of construction waste from landfill through recycling; optimized energy performance with LED fixtures and high efficiency mechanical systems; reduced water use with low flow fixtures; materials with recycled content and that were sourced regionally; sustainably-sourced wood products; enhanced commissioning of mechanical and electrical systems; and low-emitting finishes for a healthier indoor environment.
The private sector component is incorporating sustainability features such as energy recovery and efficient fans on the ventilation system, high efficiency water heaters, and building monitoring systems. The condominiums will include heat pumps and the hotel is installing a geothermal system. This system will use the earth to help warm the building in winter and cool it in summer, allowing the hotel to use less energy and fossil fuels.
The Innovation Centre
The Innovation Centre at Bayview Yards welcomed its first tenants in November 2016. The heritage designated, former City public works building is in its first year of operations. The Innovation Centre provides a centralized hub for entrepreneurs, startups and supporting program agencies with business incubators, work spaces, meeting rooms, training room, and an auditorium. The digital media lab and advanced prototyping lab are currently under construction. The site is a former brownfield and the renovated building is targeting LEEDTM Gold certification with the application to be submitted this year.
The building’s sustainability features include: optimized energy performance, increased building durability, reduced water use, enhanced commissioning of mechanical and electrical systems, low-emitting materials and furniture, and maximizing natural day lighting. The Innovation Centre has implemented a green housekeeping policy and, is working with a local association to develop a community garden and manage the on-site orchard. Supporting active and green transportation, there are three electric vehicle charging stations, a designated VirtuCar space, high occupancy parking, as well as Right Bike arriving in the spring to provide bike-sharing services. There is also a generous number of indoor bike lockers, change room, and showers provided for building occupants.
Light Rail Transit Maintenance and Storage Facility
The Maintenance and Storage Facility for Ottawa’s Light Rail Transit (LRT) project, managed by O-Train Construction, is now being used for LRT vehicle assembly and office space by the Light Rail consortium. It is set to open officially in 2018 and will eventually house administration, vehicle, maintenance and operations functions. The building will pursue a LEEDTM Certified rating which can only occur after it is finished and put into use.
The Facility targeted the following sustainability features: 90 per cent of materials generated from the demolition of the buildings located on the MSF site have been recycled; storm water is managed on site with the use of a retention pond; and energy efficient technologies such as boilers and lighting systems have been installed. The actual percentage of materials recycled was 97 per cent, exceeding the projected 90 per cent.
Glebe Parking Garage
The Glebe Parking Garage, completed in October 2015, was designed to be a mobility hub for the local community. This project is the first in the City to target Green Garage Certification, which is an international rating system administered by the Green Parking Council that recognizes sustainable practices in parking structure design, construction, and management.
The four-level garage has 144 vehicle parking spaces, which include two car share spaces, two electric vehicle (EV) charging stations, and preferred parking for lowemitting, fuel efficient, and alternative fuel vehicles. The garage also provides 29 ring and post covered bicycle spaces, two of which have electrical outlets for rechargeable bikes or scooters, and a bike repair station. The building’s sustainability features include: solar panels feeding energy back into the Hydro grid to offset onsite energy use, natural ventilation; controlled, energy efficient lighting; regionally-sourced and recycled materials; and two parkettes with water efficient landscaping.
The Photo-Voltaic (PV) system installed generated a little over 12,000 kilowatt-hours in 2016, which is the equivalent of the electricity used in one and a half average homes for a year.
Infrastructure Services has submitted and is currently pursuing the Green Garage Certification for this project.
There are no rural implications associated with this update.
The Environmental Stewardship Advisory Committee (ESAC) received a presentation on the Green Building Policy on March 23, 2017. ESAC has provided the following statement:
ESAC thanks the City for this opportunity to comment on municipal efforts to increase the environmental sustainability of civic facilities. ESAC commends the goal of and progress towards increasing the number of LEED-certified facilities, and we re-iterate some of the comments made in our input of April 2016:
1. The threshold of including only facilities < 500 m2 floorspace is understandable, but there are other “green” protocols that can be applied in a cost- and resource-effective method to improve the performance of the 80 buildings which are not formally covered under the current policy.
2. The exclusion of retrofits is understandable but, again, there are numerous other ways to “green” older facilities which should be included in a formal City policy.
3. Reducing energy DEMAND is key to higher levels of sustainability which is the intent of the policy, but SUPPLY of the reduced load is also important. The status report notes that Ottawa paid $50 million in 2015 for energy to operate the included facilities. To be truly green, energy supply (for plug load and temperature applications) must be renewable. Continued heavy reliance on nuclear electricity and fossil fuel heating is not in the environmental best interests of the City nor its residents. The policy should address a goal AFTER our civic facilities use less energy.
4. The goal of “green” should be expanded to include commercial-institutional and residential buildings, which consume 98% of total energy in Ottawa. ESAC suggests more action to engage the community through local improvement charges, special consideration for developers of green buildings, and many more measures which are available to the City.
5. This strategy has no targets beyond an aspiration of making more eligible buildings comply with a construction standard. The City has achieved the first step of “doing the right thing” but the policy demonstrates that we now should set energy consumption targets (as opposed to energy reduction goals only) to quantify the impact on the environment. Last year, our analysis noted that the 258 included civic buildings consume an annual average of 40 kWh of energy per square foot versus a province-wide CI average of 31, while residential consumption in Ontario averages 21 kWh / ft2 / a, and as low as 4.5 in energy-efficient homes. Targets are a clear signal to all affected parties of what is possible and what is expected.
ESAC commends Council for adopting a Green Building Policy in 2005 and for achieving measurable progress in that specific objective, and we submit that this success should serve as the baseline for expanding that objective into other applications and other sectors that will truly improve the environmental stewardship of the capital city.
The City acknowledges ESAC’s comments and continues to be committed to green building design as a demonstration of responsible management and good business sense. Regardless of the size of a building, the City designs and builds sustainably.
Retrofit and renovation projects apply sustainable design principles. Typical examples include roofing (increasing insulation) and mechanical (high efficiency equipment).
The City will continue to demonstrate leadership in regards to designing and building green buildings in Ottawa.
COMMENTS BY THE WARD COUNCILLORS
This is a city-wide report – not applicable.
There are no legal impediments to receiving this report for information.
RISK MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS
There are no risk management implications for this report.
ASSET MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS
This report is consistent with the City’s Comprehensive Asset Management (CAM) Program (City of Ottawa Comprehensive Asset Management Program) objectives. The Green Building Policy, in accordance with the LEEDTM program, supports and promotes environmental and fiscal sustainability.
There are no direct financial implications.
There are no accessibility impacts associated with this update.
As outlined in the background section of the report, constructing LEEDTM certified buildings benefits the City, society and the environment through reduced electricity, natural gas, and water consumption; reduced green house gas emissions; and healthier indoor environments for building occupants.
The importance of bird-friendly design is a consideration in reducing the environmental impacts of buildings. An evaluation of the need for municipal bird-friendly guidelines will be undertaken by the Planning, Infrastructure and Economic Development Department.
TERM OF COUNCIL PRIORITIES
This report aligns with the following Term of Council priorities:
Sustainable Environmental Services (ES): To provide sustainable environmental services that balance protection of our natural resources and support the planned growth of the city with the duty to ensure fiscal sustainability and meet legislative requirements in the delivery of municipal services.
Governance, Planning and Decision-Making (GP): Achieve measurable improvement in residents’ level of trust in how the City is governed and managed, apply a sustainability lens to decision-making, and create a governance model that compares well to bestinclass cities around the world.
Infrastructure Services will continue to deliver construction projects in accordance with the Green Building Policy.